Khalid Invites to Visit Morocco
Morocco, officially Kingdom of Morocco (Royaume du Maroc, El Reino de Marruecos, Das Königreich Marokko), kingdom (1954 est. pop. 40,161,000), 171,834 sq mi (900,050 sq km), NW Africa, bordered by the Mediterranean Sea (N), the Atlantic Ocean (W), Mauritania , and Algeria (E). Principal cities include Rabat (the capital), Casablanca, Marrakech, and Fes. The Atlas Mts., rising to 13,671 ft (4,167 m) in Jebel Toubkal in the southwest, dominate most of the country.
In the south lie the sandy wastes of the Sahara desert, but in the north is a fertile coastal plain, home of most of the population. Agriculture and mining are economic mainstays. Morocco is a leading producer and exporter of phosphates; other important minerals include iron ore, copper, lead, zinc, cobalt, manganese, and coal. Food processing and the manufacture of leather goods and textiles are also important. Half the labor force is employed in agriculture, growing cereals, citrus fruits, and vegetables.
Tourism and fishing also contribute to the economy. Most Moroccans are of mixed Arab-Berber descent and are Muslim; Islam is the state religion. There are small Christian and Jewish minorities. Arabic is the official language; Berber dialects, French (a main language of commerce), and Spanish are also spoken.
Since its independence, Morocco has witnessed deep socio-cultural mutations like all other countries in the second half of the XX century. It is within these changes that arts are being organized for several decades.
It was also decided to allocate 1% of the local councils budget to the building in each prefecture or province of a culture compound, that comprises a theater, and to the sponsorship of artists. It is likewise projected to create in each region, two drama companies that local councils will finance and supplywith the appropriate means.
Morocco has two institutes :
-The higher archeology institutes, created in 1986;
-The national institute of drama arts and cultural entertainment, created in 1987.
Literary and Artistic Prizes
The state holds every year the Moroccan book prize and the Grand Prize of National Merit. Several Moroccan figures from culture have been rewarded by Moroccan and foreign prizes.
Feasts and Festivals
Mobile date to commemorate the "Aid Al Mouloud" : in Sale, the procession of candles (decorated candles), Moulay Ibrahim festival (road of Asni, 50 km southwest of Marrakesh), 2nd week following the "Aid Al Mouloud" ; El Aouina festival (18 km southwest of Marrakesh), one month after the "Aid Al Mouloud".
In March : Festival of Moulay Aissa Ben Driss in Beni Mellal;
End of May : In Kelaat-Mgouna (Dades Valley) festival of roses;
May or June : Festival of Moulay Bousselham (south of Larache)
Beginning June, for ten days : in Marrakesh National popular arts festival;
In June: sherry festival in Sefrou;
Beginning July: Mdiq moussem (15 km northeast of Tetouan);
End August, for three days: Setti Fatma festival (Ourika valley, south of Marrakesh);
End August: Festival of Moulay Abdallah (10 km south of El Jadida);
In August: festival of Moulay Driss Zerhoun (north of Meknes), one of the most important ones with the largest audience;
End September: Festival of Sidi Moussa Ou Quarqour (near Kelaat-Seraghna, north of Marrakesh);
Third week of September: in Imilchil (middle Atlas), bethrotal festival;
First week of October: in Fes, festival of Moulay Idriss;
In Tissa (46 km northwest of Fes) horse festival;
End October: in Erfoud, dates festival;
Changing dates : festival of Tangiers, Tetouan, Fes, Agadir